Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Myopic Patients Having Thin Residual Corneal Thickness after Excimer Laser Surface Ablation
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CitationKocamış, S. İ., Çakmak, H. B., Gerçeker, S., & Çağıl, N. (2017, July). Long-term clinical outcomes of myopic patients having thin residual corneal thickness after excimer laser surface ablation. In Seminars in ophthalmology (Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 474-481). Taylor & Francis.
Purpose: To investigate and compare the long-term safety, efficacy, and accuracy of PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) and LASEK (laser epithelial keratomileusis) in myopic corneas having residual corneal thickness less than 400 micron meters (µm). Methods: The medical reports of the patients who had undergone excimer laser surface ablation between 2007–2011 and had a residual corneal thickness less than 400 µm were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Forty-two eyes of 42 patients with a mean age of 28.79±7.76 years were enrolled into the study. Twenty-two PRK and 20 LASEK procedures were performed. The mean follow-up time was 45.00±11.80 months. At the end of follow-up, no ectasia was detected. Nineteen percent of eyes had trace haze. No eyes lost any lines in corrected distance visual acuity. Eighty-one percent of the patients had an uncorrected distance visual acuity better than 20/40. The regression rate was 16.7%. Sixty-two percent of eyes were within ±1.00 D. The safety and efficacy indexes were 1.19±0.42 and 1.00±0.40, respectively. There was not any difference between LASEK and PRK regarding achieved spherical equivalent refraction, haze ratio, visual acuity, safety, efficacy, and regression. Conclusions: Both PRK and LASEK are safe and effective in myopic corneas having thin residual thickness. © Taylor & Francis.