Efficient removal of acidic dye using low-cost biocomposite beads
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CitationMetin, A. Ü., Çiftçi, H., Alver, E. (2013). Efficient removal of acidic dye using low-cost biocomposite beads. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 52(31), 10569-10581.
The objective of this study is to prepare and characterize chitosan/zeolite biocomposite beads and utilize them as adsorbent for removal of anionic dye, Acid Black 194 (AB194). Characterization studies of biocomposite beads were carried out by using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX). The ability of chitosan/zeolite biocomposite beads as an adsorbent for the removal AB194 from an aqueous solution has been investigated under various experimental conditions. Maximum adsorption capacity of biocomposite beads was calculated as 2140 mg/g. The increase in temperature resulted in a higher AB194 loading per unit weight of biocomposite beads. As an additional factor affecting the adsorption behavior of AB194, the effect of ionic strength was investigated, and the adsorption capacity of biocomposite beads significantly decreased. Four isotherm models were employed to elucidate the adsorption process. The most appropriate model for the equilibrium process was the Freundlich. The kinetic studies indicated that the adsorption of AB194 followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics. Thermodynamic calculations showed that the adsorption of reactive dye was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The obtained results indicate that chitosan/zeolite biocomposite beads as an adsorbent are promising for dye removal from wastewater. © 2013 American Chemical Society.