Evaluation of high blood pressure, body mass index and blood lipids in obese, athletes and sedentary children in terms of cardiovascular risk factors
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CitationEker, H. (2013). Evaluation of high blood pressure, body mass index and blood lipids in obese, athletes and sedentary children in terms of cardiovascular risk factors. Life Science Journal, 10(5s), 344-349.
The prevalence of obesity in children has been increasing so much quickly. The study was carried out for evaluating in terms of Cardiovascular Risk Factors (CRF), Body Mass Index (BMI), High Blood Pressure (BP), and some blood parameters. A total of 56 male children between the ages of 11 and 14, 20 of them athlete (mean age 12.80 ± 0.77 years), 19 obese (mean age 12.04 ± 1.18 years), and 17 in the sedentary control group (mean age 11.87 ± 1.18 years) participated in the study to assess the obesity-related risk factors. Of the participants, body weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), Energy Requirement, body fat mass, lean body mass, Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg), Diastolic Blood (mmHg), Blood Sugar (mg/dL), insulin (mU/mL), CPeptide (ng/mL), HbA1c (%), Cholesterol (mg/dL), Triglyceride, LDL (mg/dL), HDL (mg/dL), CRP (mg/L), hemoglobin (g/dL), Hematocrit (%), and WBC (ml) were measured and recorded accordingly. The calculations and evaluations on the research, therefore, were accomplished using the program package, SPSS 18 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois). Negatively significant difference (p <0.05) were found in the systolic and diastolic blood pressure of obese children when compared both to the control group and the athlete group. The BMI values of the obesity group, therefore, were found meaningfully different from both the athlete and the control groups (p <0.017). Meaningful differences were determined, against the obese children, on blood lipids (p <0.05), and (p <0.017). That obtaining higher CRF levels in child obese than the sedentary and athlete groups shows the necessity of making sports in order to reduce down the CRF level. Some precautions, meanwhile, are needed to be taken in order to prevent the sedentary children from becoming obese adults in their future life.