Gender in public sphere in the ottoman empire and woman with gender identity (1836-1900): Çorum ecclesiastical court case [Osmanlı ımparatorluğu’nda kamusal alanda cinsiyet ve toplumsal cinsiyet kimliğiyle Kadın (1839-1900): Çorum Şer’iyye mahkemesi örneği]
The presence of women in Ottoman society in the public sphere and visibility issues patriarchal family settlement have been studied and explained within shaia’s strict rules. However, this situation is closely linked with gender culture of the Ottoman society. The Ottoman gender culture has composed of the reflection of autochthonic Turkish traditions and compromised Islamic Law and it is provided with distinctive characteristics. West effect concentrating by modernization process and wealthy empire factors should not be denied. In fact, Corum Sharia Court reports, unlike wthat is supposed to be, have revealed quite strong and dynamic woman typology in Ottoman gender identity and gender role id. According to this, women were confined to neither in harem in their house nor veil which alleged they inserted into. Rather, she is a real ac-tor and can be seen at every turn in the social and public sphere. © 2018, Ahmet Yesevi University. All rights reserved.