Which people should be targeted in terms of awareness about the human Papilloma virus infection?; A survey [Human Papılloma Vırüs enfeksıyonu farkindaliği açisindan kımler hedef kıtle olmalidir? Anket çalişmasi]
Objective: Cervical cancer is the third most common female cancer worldwide and the majority of the new cases are from less developed regions. Not only the incidence but also the mortality attributed to human papilloma virus infection (HPV) related cancers are quite higher in low developed countries. This survey aimed to investigate the level of awareness about the association between cervical cancer and HPV infection. Material and Method: Between March 2015 and July 2015, a total of 451 women who presented to the obstetrics and gynecology outpatient department filled in a questionnaire. The questionnaire was made up of two sections; first was about the social and demographic status and the second was about individual awareness of the disease. All questions were closed-ended (YES-NO or predetermined multi-alternative) to allow better quantification. Patients who were unable to response consciously were not included. Results: Mean age was 31.82±9.53 years, 401 patients (88.9%) were married, 33 (7.3%) were single and 17 (3.8%) were separated/ widowed. Level of education was primary school in 153 patients (33.9%), secondary school in 126 (27.9%), high school in 96 (21.3%), university in 76 (16.9%). Ninety-seven patients (21.5%) were employed, 336 (74.5%) were housewives, 18 (4.0%) were students. Being employed vs. unemployed, having higher level of education and living in city or metropolis vs. rural district were independently associated with higher level of awareness. Conclusion: As a result, public awareness initiatives about HPV-cancer association should be targeted unemployed women who lives in rural district and deprived of high graduate education. © 2015, Gunes Kitap Kirtasiye. All rights reserved.