Liquidation initiatives to Bektashism and Qizilbashism through the policies of education-culture in the Ottoman Empire (1826 and after) [Osmanli Imparatorlu?u'nda e?itim-kültür politikalari yoluyla Bektaşilik ve Kizilbaşli?i tasfiye girişimleri (1826 sonrasi)]
During a period when modernization widespread in Europe and Asia, severe changes and trans-formations started to be experienced in almost every area of political, military, religious, economic and cultural life in Ottoman Empire as well. Modernization led to a process which may be called centralization and monopolization in Ottoman Empire. Ultimately, causing religious and mystical communities standing quite scattered to get together and melting them in the faith, mental and cultural world of official Islam, the state exercised the educational and cultural policies to shape up a homogenous Muslim society articulated, interlocked to each other. In fact, these long - term educational and cultural policies appear to have led to consequences more effective than activist actions which might generate tiresome and more problematic outcomes the state exercises from time to time. Here, this study has been drawn up in order to draw attention to the efforts of converting the problematic situations with the official ideology regarding Bektashi and Kizilbash environments that turned into a more marginal status in this period through said policies. It is understood that these policies were carried out in multidirectional way by the dissemination of schools, employment of scholars who served in various institutions, copyrights of the works to be employed at the schools to be newly opened and banning and recall of publications such as the books, brochures etc. reflecting belief and mental world of the related opponent environments.