Comparison of the International Prostate and Visual Prostate Symptom Scores in Turkish patients
INTRODUCTION: Benign prostate hyperplasia is one of the most common disease in elderly men. The patients usually present lower urinary tract symptoms including frequency, urgency, nocturia and interittancy. The prostate symptom scores are usually used for daily urology practice. We aimed to compare the International Prostate Symptom Score and Visual Prostate Symptom Score in Turkish patients. METHOD: s. The study protocol was conducted from from February to August 2017. The patients presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms over the age of 45 years were included. The age, prostate specific antigen level, education level and symtom scores were recorded. The patients with history of neurological disease, prostatic surgery, radiotherapy and any malignancy were excluded. RESULTS: There were 81 patients in the current study. The mean age and PSA level was 58.86+/-7.39 years and 1,94+/-1,77 ng/ml. Most of the patients (54.32%) had primary level of education and the patients who were graduated from university (19.75%) followed. The secondary and high school level was 12.34% and 13.58% respectively. The fully complete rate of the symptom scores 37% for IPSS and 9.8% for VPSS and 81% for CSS (p<0.05). In the patients with fully complete; there was no significant difference for patients education level and age. CONCLUSIONS: The IPSS and VPSS are established symtom scores for patients with benign prostate hyperplasia. The difficulties to understand and translate problems of these questionnaires; new, mother language originated symptom score is needed for Turkish patients.