Oil price fluctuations and trade balance of Turkey
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CitationAcikalin, S., & Uğurlu, E. (2014). Oil price fluctuations and trade balance of Turkey. In International Conference on Economic Sciences and Business Administration (Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 6-13). Spiru Haret University.
The relationship between oil price fluctuations and the trade balance of Turkey is the main concern of this paper. Economic growth performance of Turkey depends on imported capital goods as well as imported oil. Oil price increases bring a heavy burden for Turkish economy. Therefore, it is important to analyze the effects of oil price increases on external balances of Turkey. We specifically aim to examine the effects of price fluctuations of imported oil on Turkey’s trade balance using a structural vector autoregression (VAR) model. The variables used in this model are imported crude oil price, imports of crude oil, industrial production index, and trade balance to GDP ratio. Monthly data set for the period of September 2009 - June 2014 is used. The results show that the oil price shock creates a negative impact on trade balance and this effect continues while declining in magnitude for more than 10 months. Most of the variation in forecast error of trade balance ratio is explained by the shock on itself and only a limited variation, around 4%, is explained by oil price shock for a 10 months period. © 2014 ASERS Publishing House. All rights reserved.