The distribution of cancer cases in Somalia
Hassan, Hussein Abshir
İbrahim, İkram Abdikarim
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CitationBaş, Y., Hassan, H. A., Adıgüzel, C., Bulur, O., Ibrahim, I. A., & Soydan, S. (2017, June). The distribution of cancer cases in Somalia. In Seminars in oncology (Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 178-186). WB Saunders.
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and distribution of cancer cases in a defined time period in Somalia. Materials and Methods A total of 403 cancer cases were diagnosed between January 01, 2016 and March 01, 2017 in the Department of Pathology at the Somalia Mogadishu–Turkey Education and Research Hospital or the Department of Oncology at Uniso Hospital, Somalia University. Data on cancer type, patient age, and gender were obtained from pathology reports and hospital records. Results Female patients totaled 49.6% (n = 200) and 50.4% of patients were male (n = 203). The youngest patient was 18 years of age, the oldest was 97, and the average age was 53.4 years. The 10 most common types of cancer were esophageal (n = 130, 32.3%), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 35, 8.7%), liver (n = 26, 6.5%), breast (n = 24, 6.0%), skin (n = 17, 4.2%), thyroid (n = 13, 3.2%), brain (n = 12, 3.0%), bone (n = 11, 2.7%), colorectal (n = 11, 2.7%), and soft tissue (n = 11, 2.7%). The most common site of cancer in both males and females was the esophagus. Conclusion These results show a high incidence of esophageal cancer in Somalia, and strongly suggest that environmental risk factors and nutritional habits have a strong impact in this population. Serious and extensive research on the etiology of esophageal cancer is required. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.