Abode of alevisim-bektashism [Alevilik-bektaşilikte dâr]
There are a number of methods in the Alevism-Bektashism belief, which is a sufistic interpretation of Islam. However, the most basic worship of Alevism-Bektashism is certainly “cemler”. “Cemler are regarded as a whole of the worship practices in which the decisions taken against the crimes committed by the candidates are applied as a social court and the candidates pass through the spiritual education in many ways and progress in their moral maturity. In the middle of the place where Cemler are made, there is a square where questions or graces are performed by coming in front of the sheikh. This square is called as “dâr square”. In front of the Hak-Muhammad-Ali post (in the presence of the sheikh), the questions and graces are made at this square and it is asked from “the dâr holding” spirits to account for their behaviors at the dâr square. It is for this reason that the Alevist-Bektashis are not considered to have fully experienced their beliefs without going through questioning-grace and dâr holding at the dâr square. In this study, we will first look through the window of the Alevi-Bektashi mysticism to try to explain the meanings of the concept of “dâr”. In the second part of the article, we will evaluate the dâr varieties and the meanings they carry in the Alevism-Bektashism belief as well as the basic concepts of the article like “dâr holding or dâr withdraw”. In the last part of the article, we will try to present brief information about the method of the deduction from the dâr, which is performed by the Alevi-Bektashi people after the spirits who “walk to the Hak”. © 2018 Centre - Urbanisation Culture Societe de l'INRS. All rights reserved.